Asthma: a chronic disease of the lungs in which the
airways are inflamed and become blocked or narrowed, causing symptoms like
wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing.
Bioactive: a nutritional substance in food that
confers specific health benefits. Examples include Vitamin C and essential
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA): A long-chain,
polyunsaturated essential fatty acid of the omega 3 family. The primary
dietary source of EPA is fish and shell fish.
Emulsification: a process of blending oil-based and
water-based food ingredients into a stable mixture, through which the oil
is formed into extremely small droplets.
Emulsion: a stable mixture of water-based and
fat-based food ingredients. Examples include salad dressing and Efficas
Essential fatty acids (EFA’s): necessary “healthy”
polyunsaturated fats that humans either cannot synthesize or cannot make
in sufficient quantity, and must be obtained through the diet. There are
two families of EFA’s: Omega-3 and Omega-6. The patented formula in the
Efficas Care includes 500 mg Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), an omega-3 fatty
acid, and 750 mg Gamma-Linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid. Gamma
linolenic acid (GLA): a long-chain, polyunsaturated fatty acid of the
omega 6 family. GLA is rare in the food supply. Although most individuals
can synthesize some GLA from linoleic acid, GLA is required at higher
levels by individuals with allergic diseases. GLA is needed to reduce the
production of leukotrienes.
Leukotrienes: inflammatory molecules produced by
immune cells in the body. They are powerful biological regulators that are
involved in the inflammatory response and cause the narrowing of the
airways, increased mucus production and tissue swelling associated with
asthma. Leukotrienes are made by the body from natural
components within cell membranes in response to allergens and other
triggers. Higher levels of leukotrienes are produced in individuals with
allergic disease than in healthy individuals.
Medical food: a specially formulated food that is
intended for the dietary management of a disease with unique nutritional
requirements. Individuals with allergic diseases require higher levels of
GLA and EPA than can be obtained from normal diets or simple additions to
a normal diet. Efficas Care products supply GLA and EPA in a highly
bioavailable, emulsified form that provides sufficient quantity for the
management of these allergic conditions.
Omega 3: A family of unsaturated fatty acids derived
from linolenic acid. All omega 3’s have their first unsaturated bond
between carbon numbers 3 and 4. Omega 3’s with 20 or more carbon atoms,
such as EPA, are found primarily in fish and shellfish.
Omega 6: A family of unsaturated fatty acids derived from linoleic acid. All omega 6’s have their first unsaturated bond between carbon numbers 6 and 7. Examples include GLA and DGLA.